Credit Card Delinquency Rate Rises in Q4

February 20 2013


The national credit card delinquency rate (the ratio of borrowers 90 or more days past due) increased to 0.85% in the fourth quarter ended Dec. 31 from 0.78% in the year-ago period. The delinquency rate is also up from the third quarter, when it stood at 0.75%, according to TransUnion.

Average credit card debt per borrower dropped 1.6% to $5,122 in the fourth quarter from $5,204 the previous year. On a quarterly basis, card debt rose 2.5% from $4,966 in the third quarter ended Sept. 30.

TransUnion reports the information as part of its series of quarterly analyses of credit-active U.S. consumers, evaluating how they are managing credit related to mortgages, credit cards and auto loans.

“The fourth quarter traditionally results in higher credit card balances and delinquencies, much of it to do with the holiday shopping season,” said Ezra Becker, vice president of research and consulting in TransUnion’s financial services business unit. “Though serious delinquencies have risen seven basis points in the last year, average credit card debt has actually dropped, which is a sign that consumers continue to manage their credit well. Both credit card delinquencies and balances are below historic norms.”

In the last 10 years, the average national 90-day delinquency rate for the nation during the fourth quarter is 1.06%, while the average credit card debt per borrower is $5,389. In that same timeframe during the fourth quarter, delinquencies were at their highest in Q4 2003 (1.42%) and credit card debt peaked in Q4 2009 ($5,729).

“Consumers continue to value their credit card relationships and are diligent about paying off their balances in a timely fashion,” said Becker. “This is a positive sign as more and more subprime borrowers have either entered or re-entered the credit card market.”

The TransUnion quarterly analysis of credit card performance also examines origination rates, which are analyzed one quarter in arrears to account for the reporting lag of new accounts. In Q3 2012, new credit card originations dropped 2.4% relative to Q3 2011. The share of non-prime, higher-risk originations (with a VantageScore® credit score lower than 700 on a scale of 501-990) was 30.51% in the third quarter of the year, slightly below the same time one year ago (30.63% in Q3 2011), but much higher than the 27.03% observed in Q3 2010. “It’s not surprising that originations dropped in 2012 relative to 2011, as solicitation volumes from the largest issuers decreased materially over that timeframe,” says Becker.

Thirty-nine states and the District of Columbia saw increases in their credit card delinquency rates year over year, while nine states saw decreases. Two states experienced no material changes.

On a more granular level, 67% of metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) saw increases in their respective credit card delinquency rates in Q4 2012 relative to one year ago. This is only slightly higher than last quarter, when 64% of MSAs experienced year-over-year increases.

Some of the largest MSAs to experience year-over-year increases in Q4 2012 included San Diego (59.6% increase from 0.52% to 0.83%), and Orlando (47.6% increase 0.84% to 1.24%). MSAs experiencing significant declines included Tampa (31.4% decrease from 0.51% to 0.35%) and Los Angeles (22.7% decrease 0.88% to 0.68%).

Based on current economic assumptions, TransUnion forecasts credit card delinquencies to slightly decrease to approximately 0.81% in the first quarter of 2013. The forecast is based on seasonality effects and various other economic factors such as anticipated gross state product, consumer sentiment, disposable income and employment conditions.